Approximately 12 km north-west of the Iranian city of Persepolis is a rocky hill. Almost perpendicular to the facade of a hill, at a fairly high altitude, carved in the rocks amazingly beautiful landscape, are the Persian kings. Here are the tombs related to the first millennium BC. This whole area is known as Naqsh-i Rustam and an ancient cemetery …
Naqsh-i Rustam is considered a sacred mountain chain, here are buried four rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, among whom was King Darius. After Alexander of Macedon conquered Persia, the tomb were derelict and gradually were completely abandoned.
The oldest relief applies to the first millennium BC and depicts a man. Unfortunately, it was badly damaged and not maintained at its best. Naqsh-i Rustam name is derived from popular legends, the kings were gradually forgotten, and people attributed all the reliefs of the national hero of the legends of Rustam.
Local people call these tombs Persian crosses. The entrance to the tomb is located right in the center of the cross and the tomb itself is a small chamber with the sarcophagus of the king. Horizontal beam at each of the facades of tombs, believed to be a replica of the entrance to the palace of Persepolis.